ازدواج همجنس‌گرایان ویکی‌پدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد



در پروژه‌های خواهر می‌توانید در مورد ازدواج همجنس‌گرایان اطلاعات بیشتری بیابید But there is a more subtle less frequently discussed dimension to the Democrats’ religion problem As scholars who doubt the existence of a culture war point out there remains in the United States a (very) large corps of moderate citizens and voters and these voters truly hold the balance of power in American elections These voters and even a large portion of seculars have overwhelmingly positive views of religion and desire an important public and political role for religious symbols and values The analyses reported here suggest that even among many of these centrist citizens and voters the Democratic Party is not seen as friendly toward religion and these analyses show that this is strongly related to the Party’s general reputation and electoral outcomes. In a poll conducted on J by the Quinnipiac University Polling Institute 55 percent opposed - and 36 percent were in favor.[74] An ABC News poll found that a majority (58%) of Americans remained opposed to - s while a minority (36%) support them However on the question of a constitutional amendment more were opposed than for it The majority (51%) of Americans said the issue should be left for the states to decide while 43% would agree with amending the Constitution.[75] A 1988 International Social Survey Programme poll found that 68.3% of Americans opposed - while 11.9% of Americans supported - and 14.1% of Americans neither agreed or disagreed.[81] A 1988 National Opinion Research Center / General Social Survey / University of Chicago poll found that 67.6% of Americans opposed - 10.7% of Americans supported it 13.9% of Americans neither agreed or disagreed and 7.8% didn't know / etc.[82] Polling and Analysis A May 2011 Gallup Poll also showed majority support for - 53% in favor to 45% opposed Gallup measured a 9-point increase in support from 44% to 53% indicating that support increased faster than in any previous year.[59] An August Associated Press/National Constitution Center poll found 52% agreed that the federal government should give legal recognition to s between couples of the an increase from 46% in 2009 46% disagreed compared to 53%. رده:فرهنگ دگرباشی جنسی Finally Table 5 indicates that Americans are also comfortable with a role for religion in public schools Pew polling finds for instance that nearly two-in-three Americans favor teaching creationism along with evolution in public schools This includes 67% of white evangelicals as well as a majority of seculars. در بعضی مناطق انجام می‌شود A Public Religion Research Institute nationwide & state-by-state poll conducted throughout 2017 found that 61% of Americans supported - 30% opposed and 9% had no opinion with there being majority support for - in 44 states plurality support in 4 states plurality opposition in 1 state and majority opposition in 1 state.[17] An August 2017 NBC News/The Wall Street Journal poll found that 60% of Americans supported - 33% opposed and 7% had no opinion.[18][19] من باید فردا در مراسمی در درهٔ کوئیرینال شرکت کنم چگونه مراسمی؟ چیز مهمی نیست، یکی از دوستان دارد با مردی ازدواج می‌کند و گروه کوچکی نیز گرد هم آمده‌اند 1Pomper Gerald M 2005 “The Presidential Election: The Ills of American Politics After 9/11.” In Michael Nelson ed The Elections of 2004 D.C.: CQPress. A May 10 USA Today/Gallup Poll taken one day after Barack Obama became the first sitting President to express support for - [52] showed 51% of Americans agreed with the President's endorsement while 45% disagreed.[53] A May 8 Gallup Poll showed majority support for - nationwide with 50% in favor and 48% opposed.[54] در حالت کلی، اسلام نیز همچون دیگر دین‌های ابراهیمی رابطه جنسی و نزدیکی میان دو همجنس را گناه می‌شمارد و شریعت اسلامی برای کنش جنسی میان دو همجنس حدهای بسیار شدید گذاشته که گاه مجازات مرگ نیز جزو آن‌ها می‌شود.[۴۷] Additionally when asked whether there has been too much too little or the right amount of expression of religious faith by political leaders the majority of the public indicates that there has been either the right amount (27%) or too little (39%) religious expression by political leaders Once again as shown in Table 4 this holds true for majorities of all religious groups and is even true of a substantial minority (43%) of seculars. To start with we need to ask why viewing the Democratic Party as unfriendly toward religion might be negatively correlated with for instance views of the Democratic Party generally or casting a vote for John Kerry The answer lies in American attitudes toward religion and religion’s role in public life Though there is much that divides Americans across religious lines it is also true that there is much about religion on which Americans largely agree In July 2005 for instance a Pew poll found that upwards of 95% of Americans continue to express belief in a supreme being with 85% expressing belief in God and another 11% saying they do not believe in God but do believe in a universal spirit or higher power (see. An August CNN/Opinion Research Poll showed that 49% of respondents thought gays and lesbians do have a constitutional right to get married and have their recognized by law as valid and 52% thought gays and lesbians should have. قانون ازدواج جمهوری خلق چین ازدواج را صریحاً به صورت اتحادی میان یک مرد و یک زن تعریف می‌کند و گونه‌های دیگر اتحاد مدنی در این کشور به رسمیت شناخته نمی‌شوند اعتقاد بر این است که نگرش دولت چین نسبت به همجنس‌گرایی به صورت «بدون موافقت، بدون مخالفت، و بدون ترویج» باشد در سال ۲۰۰۱، وزارت بهداشت این کشور رسماً همجنس‌گرایی را از فهرست بیماری‌های روانی. As had been the case since 1996 there remained a wide partisan division In March Pew reported that 57% of Democrats favored legal recognition for - and 51% of independents agreed but only 23% of Republicans agreed.[58] An April CNN/Opinion Research Poll showed majority support including 64% of Democrats and 55% of independents but only 27% of Republicans.[61] To the extent that the Democrats’ recent electoral shortcomings can be explained in part by their struggles with religion this analysis demonstrates that this struggle is at least two-dimensional in nature On the one hand scholars who observe and document an ongoing culture war and the polarization of the American electorate are correct to point out that highly religious Americans and especially white evangelical Protestants have largely abandoned the Democratic Party which has contributed to their electoral misfortunes Conceptualized in this way overcoming their struggles with religion will require the Democrats to recapture the support of at least a fraction of those who now form the core of. About Pew Research Center Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank that informs the public about the issues attitudes and trends shaping the world It conducts public opinion polling demographic research media content analysis and other empirical social science research Pew Research Center does not take policy positions It is a subsidiary of The Pew Charitable Trusts. A February 12–15 2015 CNN/ORC poll found that 63% of Americans believed - is a constitutional right while 36% disagreed.[26] A Gallup poll conducted in May 2014 found that 55% of Americans supported allowing for - couples 42% opposed and 4% had no opinion on the issue This was the largest percentage ever measured by the organization.[27] A similar pattern emerges upon examining the relationship between perceptions of Democratic friendliness toward religion and casting a vote for John Kerry (over George Bush) Table 8 for instance indicates that among those who view the Democrats as unfriendly toward religion Kerry received a mere 11% of the two-party vote Among those who viewed the Democrats as friendly toward religion however Kerry’s proportion of the two-party vote was more than five times. An Ap ABC News/ Post poll found support for allowing - couples to marry in the United States ahead of opposition for the first time: 49% support 46% opposition and 5% with no opinion In addition 53% believed that - s performed in other states should be legal in their states 62% of Democrats and 52% of Independents supported - while 74% of Republicans opposed.[70] به رسمیت شناخته می‌شود، انجام نمی‌شود A similar poll conducted in March 2006 a Princeton Survey Research Associates/Pew Research Center poll concluded that 39% of Americans supported - while 51% opposed it and 10% were undecided In December 2004 a poll by the company found that 61% of Americans opposed – with 38% "strongly opposed" Less than 2 years later just 23% were "strongly opposed" However an identical poll taken by the group in June 2006 found a rise in those opposed to - with 56% disapproving of the practice. یک مرد همجنس‌گرا یا دوجنس‌گرا می‌تواند از رحم اجاره‌ای استفاده کند و زنان همجنس‌گرا یا دوجنس‌گرا می‌توانند از درون‌کاشت مصنوعی. Earlier polls in February and May found opinion divided within the margin of error but with a consistent trend of increasing support and decreasing opposition compared to prior years.[65][66] One August poll found majority opposition,[67][68] and a November exit poll of 17,504 voters by CNN during the 2010 midterm elections found 53% opposition with 41% support.[69] Among the 20% of the population that views the Democratic Party as unfriendly toward religion a mere 22% express favorable views of the Party as a whole Among the 51% of the public who say the Democrats are neutral or express no opinion as to the Democrats’ friendliness toward religion more than twice as many (50%) hold favorable views of the Democratic Party And as predicted among the 29% of the public who view Democrats as friendly toward religion a still greater proportion (66%) views the Party favorably. In March 2011 Democracy Corps conducted a survey of 1,000 likely 2012 election voters in 50 congressional districts considered political battlegrounds It asked respondents to rate their feelings on the - issue on a 0–100 scale with 100 being "very warm" or favorable feelings and 0 being "very cold" or unfavorable feelings 42% were on the "cool" or unfavorable side and 35% were on the "warm" or favorable side.[62] But providing assurance that perceptions of Democrats’ friendliness toward religion are independently related to views of the Party and voting for Kerry requires simultaneously considering the role of other potential explanations for views of the Party and vote choice It could be for instance that the apparent relationship between views of the Democrats’ friendliness toward religion and views of the Party as a whole is simply a byproduct of the fact that liberals and Democrats for instance may be both more likely than others to see the Party as friendly toward religion and more likely to view the Party favorably as. آنچه که بیشتر از همه در این گونه ازدواج‌ها مورد توجه انسان‌شناسان و جامعه‌شناسان قرار گرفته نقش‌های کارگری و اقتصادی هر کدام از همسرها در کنار نیازهای جنسی و علایق آن‌ها به برقراری ارتباط عاطفی–جنسی است فزونی و پذیرش ازدواج زنان در این فرهنگ‌ها همراه با تعریف‌های متفاوت از نقش‌های جنسیتی در جامعه و نقش‌های جنسی در پیوند ازدواج بوده‌اند.[۴۴] Table 7 attempts to address these potential objections by excluding both seculars and white evangelical Protestants from the analysis It shows that even among the centrists who remain the relationship between perceptions of the Democrats’ approach toward religion and views of the Party holds strong; those who view the Democrats as friendly toward religion are more than two-and-a-half times as likely to hold favorable views of the Party as those who view the Democrats as unfriendly toward religion. Table 10 presents the results of this analysis which provide strong support for our hypothesis Controlling for a variety of other factors one’s view of the Democrats’ friendliness toward religion is positively correlated with favorable views of the Party and the impact of those views is quite large Indeed Table 10 shows that except for party identification views of the Democrats’ friendliness toward religion are more strongly related to favorable attitudes toward the Party than any other factor we considered Indeed the strength of the correlation is approximately three times that of frequency of religious attendance and more than three times that of political ideology. This possibility was suggested to us by the results of a poll conducted by the Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life and the Pew Research Center for the People & the Press during July 2005 The poll included the following question: “Do you feel that the Democratic Party is generally friendly toward religion neutral toward religion or unfriendly toward religion?” In 2005 a mere 29% of the public indicated that the Democratic Party was generally friendly toward religion a noticeable decline of 11 percentage points since August 2004 when 40% viewed the Democrats as friendly toward religion. Media & News06/18/2018Distinguishing Between Factual and Opinion Statements in the NewsFact Tank04/27/20175 facts about illegal immigration in the U. Tank03/01/2018 اسرائیل مکزیک: تمام ایالت‌ها ارمنستان A June 2017 Pew Research Center poll found 62% of Americans supported - 32% opposed and 6% had no opinion This marked the first Pew poll where a majority of Baby Boomers supported - and where a majority of Republicans and Republican-leaning independents did not oppose - [20] The electoral impact of views of Democrats’ friendliness toward religion is far weaker than the impact of party identification where there is an 81 percentage point gap between Democrats (86% of whom voted for Kerry) and Republicans (only 5% of whom crossed party lines to support Kerry) Political ideology is also more powerful with a 61 percentage point gap between the number of liberals who voted for Kerry (83%) and the number of conservatives who voted Democratic (22%). A November 16–19 CBS News poll found that 51% of Americans supported - while 40% did not.[46] A November 7–11 ABC News/ Post poll found that 51% of respondents supported - while 47% were opposed.[47] A June 6 CNN/ORC International poll showed that a majority of Americans supported - being legalized at 54% while 42% were opposed.[48] But the correlation between views of the Democrats’ friendliness toward religion and vote choice rivals the magnitude of the impact of a number of other important factors known to be correlated with vote choice including gender and frequency of church attendance In sum though it must be remembered that “friendliness toward religion” is not a well-defined concept it does appear that one’s view of whether or not the Democrats are friendly toward religion is a fairly powerful predictor of presidential vote choice. وضعیت قانونی در بسیاری از کشورها (از جمله بریتانیا) تا اواسط سده بیستم میلادی به گونه‌ای بوده‌است که نویسندگان نمی‌توانسته‌اند آزادانه به نوشتن دربارهٔ روابط همجنس‌گرایانه بپردازند به‌ویژه اگر کتاب‌هایشان شبیه به خودزندگی‌نامه می‌گردید ممکن بود تحت پی‌گرد قانونی قرار گیرند یا مجبور به سانسور کتاب‌هایشان شوند.[۲۵۴] A Pew Research Center poll released in March 2014 found 54% of Americans favored - 39% opposed and 7% didn't know.[29] It also researched support for - among Republican leaning voters in the United States 61% of Republican leaning voters aged 18–29 supported allowing - couples to marry while only 27% of Republican leaning voters over 50 years of age were supportive.[30] 52% of Republican voters aged 18–50 supported - [31][32] Accordingly as a final test of Hypothesis 1 we conducted a statistical analysis that simultaneously considered both the impact of Democrats’ perceived friendliness toward religion and the impact of a number of other factors on views of the Party as a whole Specifically in addition to perceptions of Democratic friendliness toward religion we simultaneously analyzed the impact on views of the Party of several religious factors (religious affiliation frequency of attendance at religious services and belief that the Bible should be interpreted literally) political factors (party identification and political ideology) and demographic factors ( education race income region marital status and union membership).7 A November/December 2013 Public Religion Research Institute poll sponsored by the Ford Foundation found that 53% of all Americans supported - while 41% were opposed and 6% unsure The margin of error was 1.1% The poll found clear majorities in favor of - in the Northeast (60%) West (58%) and Midwest (51%) Only the South was evenly divided 48% in favor to 48% opposed Further nearly 7-in-10 (69%) of those born after 1980 (ages 18–33) favored allowing - couples. 3Guth James L Lyjman A Kellstedt Corwin E Smidt and John C Green 2005 Religious Mobilization in the 2004 Presidential Election Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association Sept 1-4 2005 Galston William A and Elaine C Kamarck 2005 “The Politics of Polarization.” A Third Way Report October 4Prothero Stephen 2004 “Democrats: Get Religion!” Boston Globe November 10 5Abramowitz Alan and Kyle Saunders 2005 “Why Can’t We All Just Get Along? The Reality of a Polarized America.” The Forum: A Journal of Applied Research in Contemporary Politics Vol 3: No. Of course it is difficult to determine exactly what individuals who describe the Democrats as unfriendly toward religion have in mind But the fact that Republicans are perceived as friendly toward religion by a much larger proportion of the public (55%) than are Democrats combined with the sharp decline of the Democrats’ score on this measure after the 2004 election suggests that responses to this question are indicative of concrete attitudes on the part of the public In short the trend shown in Table 1 suggests that perceived hostility toward religion on the part of the Democrats may be an increasing problem for the Party This is in part a testable proposition that we explore in the remainder of.

Americans then are clearly comfortable with a public role for religion and desire a politics and political leaders that are informed by religious values This suggests that to the extent that the Democratic Party is viewed as unfriendly toward religion its electoral prospects may be damaged The Pew survey from July 2005 that asked whether or not Democrats are friendly toward religion also asked respondents to provide a favorability rating for the Democratic Party as a whole and about their voting behavior in the 2004 election It is thus possible to test the following two hypotheses: Hypothesis 1: Individuals who view the Democrats as friendly toward religion will have more favorable views of the Democratic Party than will individuals who view the Democrats as neutral or unfriendly toward religion. مخالفان اعطای حق ازدواج به همجنس‌گرایان اغلب به‌خاطر مسائل دینی یا عدم تمایل به تغییر مفهوم کلاسیک ازدواج (میان یک زن و یک مرد) با ازدواج همجنس‌گرایان مخالفت می‌کنند؛ با این حال تعدادی از گروه‌های مذهبی نیز پشتیبانی خود را از این گونه ازدواج اعلام کرده‌اند نظرسنجی‌ها در آمریکا – که امروزه نبردی میان موافقان و مخالفان ازدواج را در جریان دارد – نشان از افزایش تمایل مردم آن کشور به اعطای حق برابر به همجنس‌گرایان دارند در دیگر نقاط جهان نیز جنبش‌هایی برای تغییر قانون و اعطای این حق به زوج‌های همجنس. This second dimension of the Democrats’ problem also suggests an alternative route to overcoming their recent struggles with religion That is instead of having to peel away at the conservative Christian base of the GOP the Democrats may benefit simply from convincing centrists of their general friendliness toward religion Attempting to convince the public of their friendliness to religion however may carry risks of its own for the Democrats Our analysis indicates that among seculars who have become one of the core constituencies of the Democratic Party those who view the Democrats as friendly toward religion were actually less likely to have voted for Kerry than were those who view the Party as unfriendly toward religion. A July poll by USA Today found that 55% of Americans supported - while 40% did not.[39] A May 9 Post-ABC News poll found that 55% of Americans supported - while 40% did not.[40] A March 20–24 CBS News Poll found that 53% of Americans supported - 39% opposed it and 8% were undecided.[41] The poll also found that 33% of Americans who thought - couples should be allowed to legally marry said they once held the opposite view and had changed their opinion. A Pew study in March 2006 found that 51% opposed - with 39% supporting it and the level of "strongly opposing" - had fallen from 42% to 28%.[78] Pew's May 2008 Survey found that for the first time a majority of people did not oppose - at 49% 20% opposed and 29% strongly opposed - up 1% from the March 2006 Pew Research Results.[79] An October 1989 Yankelovich Clancy Shulman telephone poll found that 69% of Americans opposed - with 23% supporting - and 8% being. در آمریکا افراد تراجنسی معمولاً درگیر پیچیدگی‌های مشابه می‌شوند و به خاطر اینکه تعریف و اجرائی شدن ازدواج بین ایالت‌ها متفاوت است این پیچیدگی‌ها در هر ایالت فرق می‌کند.[۸۹] Of course none of this is to suggest that perceptions of Democrats’ friendliness to religion are the new linchpin of American politics or the single key to understanding electoral outcomes But in a nation where the electorate is as closely divided as the American electorate has been in recent years any one of a number of factors could conceivably serve to tip the balance in one direction or another Perceptions of the Democrats’ friendliness toward religion may be one such factor A longer version of this article was presented at the 61st Annual Conference of the American Association for Public Opinion Research May 18-21 2006 Montreal Canada. Public opinion of - in the United States has shifted rapidly since polling on the issue first began on an occasional basis in the 1980s and a regular basis in the 1990s with support having consistently risen while opposition has continually fallen National support rose above 50% for the first time in 2011 and has not gone below that mark since then National support rose to 60% for the first time in 2015 and has not gone below that mark since then Support continues to rise while opposition continues to fall each year driven in large part by a significant generational gap.[1] An April 2014 Public Religion Research Institute poll sponsored by the Ford Foundation found that 55% of all Americans supported - while 39% were opposed.[28] A May 2015 Gallup poll found 60% of Americans supported - 37% opposed and 3% had no opinion.[23] A February–March 2015 Wall Street Journal poll found that 59% of Americans favored - [24] A January–February 2015 Human Rights Campaign poll found that 60% of Americans favored - while 37% opposed The poll also found that 46% of respondents knew a - couple who had gotten married.[25] A May 22 NBC News/Wall Street Journal poll showed that 54% of Americans would support a law in their state making - legal with 40% opposed.[49] A May 17–20 ABC News/ Post poll showed that 53% believed - should be legal with only 39% opposed a low point for opposition in any national poll. 1615 L St NW Suite 800 DC 20036 USA (+1) 202-419-4300 | Main (+1) 202-419-4349 | Fax (+1) 202-419-4372 | Media Inquiries By Gregory A Smith Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life and M Pew Research Center for the People &. 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Table 9 which again excludes white evangelicals and seculars from the analysis demonstrates that this relationship holds even among centrists Kerry’s share of the two-party vote was more than four times as large among those who viewed the Democrats as friendly toward religion as among those who perceive the Party as unfriendly toward religion The preceding analyses then provide relatively strong support for both hypotheses proposed here Those who view the Democrats as friendly toward religion are both much more favorably disposed toward the Party and much more likely to have voted for Kerry over Bush than are those who view the Party as unfriendly toward religion These relationships hold true even when evangelical Protestants and seculars are excluded from the analyses. From 1988 to 2009 support for - increased between 1% to 1.5% per year but thereafter support began to rise at an accelerated pace.[2] As of 2016 83% of Americans aged 18 to 29 support - [3] As of 2017 there is majority support for - in 44 states plurality support in 4 states plurality opposition in 1 state and majority opposition in. A February 29 – March 3 NBC News/Wall Street Journal poll found 49% of adults supported allowing - couples to marry while 40% opposed.[57] Cambodia: · 50 communes Costa Rica Israel Japan: · 7 cities Poland San Marino United Kingdom: · Cayman Islands در سال ۲۰۰۵، در نظرسنجی از مردم آمریکا در مورد از ازدواج همجنس‌گرایان ۲۸ درصد موافق، ۶۸ درصد مخالف و ۴ درصد نامطمئن بودند؛ اما در مارس ۲۰۱۳، ۵۰ درصد موافق، ۴۱ درصد مخالف و ۹ درصد نامطمئن بودند.[۶۱] در حوزه‌های حقوقی که ازدواج بدون توجه به جنسیت تعریف شده‌است؛ چنین پیچیدگی‌هایی به وجود نمی‌آید به علاوه بعضی از حوزه‌های حقوقی که تغییر جنسیت را به رسمیت می‌شناسند و قانونی می‌شمارند می‌توان یک شخص تراجنسی با شخصی ازدواج کند که با هویت جنسی شخص همخوانی. تعداد قابل توجهی نظرسنجی در این زمینه نشان داده‌اند که پشتیبانی از ازدواج همجنس‌گرایان در سراسر جهان رو به افزایش است در دهه نخست هزاره سوم، اکثر مردم ساکن در بیشتر کشورهای صنعتی جهان از ازدواج همجنس‌گرایان پشتیبانی می‌کردند و این حمایت میان تمام گروه‌های سنی، ایدئولوژی‌های سیاسی، دین، جنسیت، نژاد و منطقه نیز افزایش یافته‌است.[۵۸][۵۹][۶۰] Continual polling by Gallup has shown that support for - has grown rapidly while opposition has collapsed In 1996 68% of Americans opposed - while only 27% supported In 2018 67% of Americans supported - while only 31% opposed.[13] 6Guth James L Lyman A Kellstedt Corwin E Smidt and John C Green 2005 Religious Mobilization in the 2004 Presidential Election Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association September 1-4 DC pp 15-16 7We estimated a linear regression model to predict favorable views of the Democratic Party For more details and complete results of the model contact the authors at gsmith@ 8We estimated a logistic regression model to predict the likelihood of having voted for Kerry For more details and complete results of the model contact the authors at gsmith@ . Hypothesis 2: Individuals who view the Democrats as friendly toward religion will be more likely to have voted for Kerry over Bush than will individuals who view the Democrats as neutral or unfriendly toward religion Table 6 summarizes the relationship between perceptions of Democrats’ friendliness toward religion (or lack thereof) and overall views of the Party and offers preliminary support for Hypothesis 1.

When asked about the legal status a July 2008 poll by Quinnipiac University Polling Institute revealed that 32% of respondents would allow homoual partners to legally marry 33% would permit them to form civil unions and 29% would grant them no legal recognition.[74][76] A December 2008 poll revealed that 32% of respondents supported the concept of civil unions 31% would offer full rights to - couples and 30% opposed any legal recognition for gay and lesbian partnerships.[77] But there is a second less frequently discussed alternative conceptualization that may help to explain the Democrats’ recent struggles with religion The root of the Democratic Party’s religious woes may not lie solely in the fact that they have been spurned by religious conservatives Contributing to the Party’s electoral misfortunes may be that even moderate citizens and voters view the Democrats as being unfriendly toward religion The Democrats may have had a problem in recent elections in other words not just because their policy prescriptions were rejected by conservative Christians but also because a large portion of the electorate who may be sympathetic to Democratic positions was nevertheless turned off by a perceived hostility on the part of the Party toward religion which most Americans see as a positive force with an important public role. A sense of the findings from this analysis is provided by Chart 1 which illustrates the relationship between a number of political and demographic factors and vote choice As indicated earlier among those who view the Democrats as unfriendly toward religion only 11% reported voting for Kerry; 61% of those who view the Democrats as religion friendly by contrast voted for Kerry yielding a 50 percentage. ورود به نهاد اجتماعی ازدواج دسترسی‌هایی به زوجین می‌دهد که هیچ‌یک از دیگر نهادهای اجتماعی دیگر میان اشخاص نمی‌توانند آن‌ها را تأمین کنند برای نمونه، در ایالات متحده تنها زوجین می‌توانند به شکل خودکار از هم ارث برند افرادی که با هم ازدواج نکرده‌اند خویشاوند درجهٔ یک در نظر گرفته نمی‌شوند و نمی‌توانند به اطلاعات پزشکی هم دست یابند یا تصمیمی دربارهٔ وضعیت سلامتی طرف دیگر. A May 2017 Gallup poll found 64% of Americans supported - 34% opposed and 2% had no opinion This marked the first Gallup poll where a majority of Protestants supported - [21] A May 2016 Gallup poll found 61% of Americans supported - 37% opposed and 2% had no opinion.[22] A Bloomberg National Poll conducted by Selzer & Company taken during September 20–23 2013 found that 55% supported - while 36% opposed and 9% were unsure.[36] A September Quinnipiac University poll found that 56% of American adults and 57% of registered voters supported - Only 36% of both groups were opposed.[37] A July 10–14 poll by Gallup found support for - at 54% a record high and double the support of 27% Gallup first measured when the question was. Perhaps of even greater interest is the question of the effect of views of Democrats’ friendliness toward religion on vote choice in the 2004 presidential election Using a slightly different statistical technique we analyzed the impact of views of Democrats’ friendliness toward religion on vote choice while simultaneously considering the impact of the other factors described above.8 Again the findings provided strong support for Hypothesis 2 Even after controlling for a host of factors that are also correlated with vote choice views of the Democrats’ friendliness toward religion are strong predictors of voting behavior. An April Pew Research Center poll showed support for - at 48% while opposition fell to 44%.[55] A March 7–10 ABC News/ Post poll found 52% of adults thought it should be legal for - couples to get married while 42% disagreed and 5% were unsure.[36] A March survey by the Public Religion Research Institute found 52% of Americans supported allowing - couples to marry while 44% opposed.[56] A March 7–10 Post-ABC News[42] poll found that 58% of Americans supported - while 36% opposed The poll indicated that 52% of GOP-leaning independents under 50 years old supported - [43] A March Quinnipiac University poll of voters found 47% supported - and 43% were opposed.[44] A November 26–29 Gallup poll found that 53% of Americans supported - while 46%. A May 2018 Gallup poll found that 67% of Americans supported - 31% opposed and 2% had no opinion.[14] An April 2018 NBC News poll found that 64% of Americans supported - 33% opposed and 3% had no opinion.[15] The poll was reported by NBC News as being notable as it found that 55% of Southerners supported - which represented an historic change for a region that was previously staunchly opposed.[16] An April 22–26 2009 poll by CBS/New York Times found 42% supported for - couples 25% supported civil unions and 28% opposed any legal recognition of - couples.[71] 5% of respondents were unsure Nate Silver noted that the discrepancy in support for - appeared to result from 5-10% of respondents who favored civil unions over - but given only two choices would support - [72] Just as they are largely unified in their belief in a supreme being so Americans are also largely united in their belief that religion should inform public life and political leaders In August 2004 for instance when a Pew poll asked Americans whether it is important for a president to have strong religious beliefs seven-in-ten agreed that this is an important trait for presidents to have Table 3 indicates furthermore that while more than nine-in-ten white evangelicals agreed that presidents should have strong religious beliefs 72% of white mainline Protestants and 68% of white non-Hispanic Catholics also desire religiously grounded leaders Only among seculars did fewer than half agree that presidents should have strong religious beliefs. A LifeWay Research poll conducted in August 2009 found that 61% of Americans born between 1980 and 1991 saw nothing wrong with two people of the gender getting married while 39% disagreed The survey was conducted on a demographically representative survey of 1,200 U.S adults between 18 and 29.